Art forgeries radio active dating
However, hoaxes could also be spread via chain letters, which became easier as the cost of mailing a letter dropped.The invention of the printing press in the 15th century brought down the cost of a mass-produced books and pamphlets, and the rotary printing press of the 19th century reduced the price even further (see yellow journalism).This book will give you many more new insights in the vast amount of primary and secondary source literature on the famous English artist William Hogarth.In the last three centuries many books, exhibition catalogues, articles and scholarly essays have been written on William Hogarth, his work, his life and times and his literary relationships, but attempts at a bibliography have been rare and indeed imperfect.
It is will not have a detailed explanation of, and supporting arguments for, much of the evidence within it.
I further propose that is was created first as a Jacob Horcicky botanical, which was meant to appear as though it was created in the Court of Rudolf II in the early 17th century, and as such was falsely “signed” by him. ), the intended author and time was changed to Roger Bacon and the 13th century, probably by removing many of the now missing pages (which may have run counter to a Roger Bacon claim).
Sometime later, the 1666 Marci to Kircher letter was forged, in order to strengthen this new, intended, Bacon authorship., by Kerr, along with other specific books on microscopy and/or microscopes, certain herbals, botanicals, and more.
During the 20th century, the hoax found a mass market in the form of supermarket tabloids, and by the 21st century there were fake news websites which spread hoaxes via social networking websites (in addition to the use of email for a modern type of chain letter).
The English philologist Robert Nares (1753–1829) says that the word hoax was coined in the late 18th century as a contraction of the verb hocus, which means "to cheat," "to impose upon" The term hoax is occasionally used in reference to urban legends and rumors, but the folklorist Jan Harold Brunvand argues that most of them lack evidence of deliberate creations of falsehood and are passed along in good faith by believers or as jokes, so the term should be used for only those with a probable conscious attempt to deceive.